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overlay filesystems (mount)

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Docker help

you@tutorial:~$ docker
Usage: Docker [OPTIONS] COMMAND [arg...]
-H="": Host:port to bind/connect to
A self-sufficient runtime for linux containers.
attach    Attach to a running container
build     Build a container from a Dockerfile
commit    Create a new image from a container's changes
diff      Inspect changes on a container's filesystem
export    Stream the contents of a container as a tar archive
history   Show the history of an image
images    List images
import    Create a new filesystem image from the contents of a tarball
info      Display system-wide information
insert    Insert a file in an image
inspect   Return low-level information on a container
kill      Kill a running container
login     Register or Login to the Docker registry server
logs      Fetch the logs of a container
port      Lookup the public-facing port which is NAT-ed to PRIVATE_PORT
ps        List containers
pull      Pull an image or a repository from the Docker registry server
push      Push an image or a repository to the Docker registry server
restart   Restart a running container
rm        Remove a container
rmi       Remove an image
run       Run a command in a new container
search    Search for an image in the Docker index
start     Start a stopped container
stop      Stop a running container
tag       Tag an image into a repository
version   Show the Docker version information
wait      Block until a container stops, then print its exit code

Docker version

you@tutorial:~$ docker version
Docker Emulator version 0.1.3
Client version: 0.5.3
Server version: 0.5.3
Go version: go1.1
you@tutorial:~$ docker search tutorial
Found 1 results matching your query ("tutorial")
NAME                      DESCRIPTION
learn/tutorial            An image for the interactive tutorial

Docker pull

Docker pull <username>/<repository>

you@tutorial:~$ docker pull learn/tutorial
Pulling repository learn/tutorial from https://index.docker.io/v1
Pulling image 8dbd9e392a964056420e5d58ca5cc376ef18e2de93b5cc90e868a1bbc8318c1c (precise) from ubuntu
Pulling image b750fe79269d2ec9a3c593ef05b4332b1d1a02a62b4accb2c21d589ff2f5f2dc (12.10) from ubuntu
Pulling image 27cf784147099545 () from tutorial

Docker run

you@tutorial:~$ docker run learn/tutorial echo "hello world"
hello world 

Docker run (install ping)

you@tutorial:~$ docker run learn/tutorial apt-get install -y ping
Reading package lists...
Building dependency tree...
The following NEW packages will be installed:
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 56.1 kB of archives.
After this operation, 143 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise/main iputils-ping amd64 3:20101006-1ubuntu1 [56.1 kB]
debconf: delaying package configuration, since apt-utils is not installed
Fetched 56.1 kB in 1s (50.3 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package iputils-ping.
(Reading database ... 7545 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking iputils-ping (from .../iputils-ping_3%3a20101006-1ubuntu1_amd64.deb) ...
Setting up iputils-ping (3:20101006-1ubuntu1) ...

Docker list

List ID container with command install ping

you@tutorial:~$ docker ps -l
ID                  IMAGE               COMMAND                CREATED             STATUS              PORTS
6982a9948422        ubuntu:12.04        apt-get install ping   1 minute ago        Exit 0

Docker commit

Commit changes on this container

you@tutorial:~$ docker commit 6982a9948422 learn/ping

Docker ping

Ping on google

you@tutorial:~$ docker run learn/ping ping www.google.com
PING www.google.com ( 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from nuq05s02-in-f20.1e100.net ( icmp_req=1 ttl=55 time=2.23 ms
64 bytes from nuq05s02-in-f20.1e100.net ( icmp_req=2 ttl=55 time=2.30 ms
64 bytes from nuq05s02-in-f20.1e100.net ( icmp_req=3 ttl=55 time=2.27 ms

Docker inspect

you@tutorial:~$ docker ps
ID                  IMAGE               COMMAND               CREATED             STATUS              PORTS
efefdc74a1d5        learn/ping:latest   ping www.google.com   37 seconds ago      Up 36 seconds
you@tutorial:~$ docker inspect efefdc74a1d5        
[2013/07/30 01:52:26 GET /v1.3/containers/efef/json
  "ID": "efefdc74a1d5900d7d7a74740e5261c09f5f42b6dae58ded6a1fde1cde7f4ac5",
  "Created": "2013-07-30T00:54:12.417119736Z",
  "Path": "ping",
  "Args": [
  "Config": {
      "Hostname": "efefdc74a1d5",
      "User": "",
      "Memory": 0,
      "MemorySwap": 0,
      "CpuShares": 0,
      "AttachStdin": false,
      "AttachStdout": true,
      "AttachStderr": true,
      "PortSpecs": null,
      "Tty": false,
      "OpenStdin": false,
      "StdinOnce": false,
      "Env": null,
      "Cmd": [
      "Dns": null,
      "Image": "learn/ping",
      "Volumes": null,
      "VolumesFrom": "",
      "Entrypoint": null
  "State": {
      "Running": true,
      "Pid": 22249,
      "ExitCode": 0,
      "StartedAt": "2013-07-30T00:54:12.424817715Z",
      "Ghost": false
  "Image": "a1dbb48ce764c6651f5af98b46ed052a5f751233d731b645a6c57f91a4cb7158",
  "NetworkSettings": {
      "IPAddress": "",
      "IPPrefixLen": 24,
      "Gateway": "",
      "Bridge": "docker0",
      "PortMapping": {
          "Tcp": {},
          "Udp": {}
  "SysInitPath": "/usr/bin/docker",
  "ResolvConfPath": "/etc/resolv.conf",
  "Volumes": {},
  "VolumesRW": {}

Docker push

Push your image to the Docker Hub Registry

you@tutorial:~$ docker images
ubuntu                latest              8dbd9e392a96        4 months ago        131.5 MB (virtual 131.5 MB)
learn/tutorial        latest              8dbd9e392a96        2 months ago        131.5 MB (virtual 131.5 MB)
learn/ping            latest              effb66b31edb        10 minutes ago      11.57 MB (virtual 143.1 MB)
you@tutorial:~$ docker push learn/ping
The push refers to a repository [learn/ping] (len: 1)
Processing checksums
Sending image list
Pushing repository learn/ping (1 tags)
Pushing 8dbd9e392a964056420e5d58ca5cc376ef18e2de93b5cc90e868a1bbc8318c1c
Image 8dbd9e392a964056420e5d58ca5cc376ef18e2de93b5cc90e868a1bbc8318c1c already pushed, skipping
Pushing tags for rev [8dbd9e392a964056420e5d58ca5cc376ef18e2de93b5cc90e868a1bbc8318c1c] on {https://registry-1.docker.io/v1/repositories/learn/ping/tags/latest}
Pushing a1dbb48ce764c6651f5af98b46ed052a5f751233d731b645a6c57f91a4cb7158
Pushing  11.5 MB/11.5 MB (100%)
Pushing tags for rev [a1dbb48ce764c6651f5af98b46ed052a5f751233d731b645a6c57f91a4cb7158] on {https://registry-1.docker.io/v1/repositories/learn/ping/tags/latest}

Docker on Windows

Docker upgrade

boot2docker delete
boot2docker download
boot2docker init
boot2docker start
docker.txt · Poslední úprava: 2023/12/26 19:13 autor: